Heart disease is common in people above 40 years of age. But as the stress level of office workers go up, the age to which the possibility of heart disease can occur becomes lesser. Heart disease has always been the number one killer, especially in women. It causes 1 in 3 women’s death each year. 90 percent of women have one or more risk factors for developing heart disease. The symptoms of heart disease can be different in women vs. men, and are often misunderstood. While 1 in 31 American women dies from breast cancer each year, 1 in 3 dies of heart disease.
The causes of heart disease are as varied as the types of heart disease; and in some cases, the cause is even unknown, like in birth defects. Here are some common types of heart disease.
Arrhythmia. Arrhythmias can also occur when another part of the heart starts to produce electrical signals, adding to the signals from the special nerve cells and disrupting the normal heartbeat.
Heart valve disease. It can be congenital heart valve disease or caused by infections such as rheumatic fever.
Heart muscle disease. Sometimes called cardiomyopathy can be caused by viral infections of the heart muscle, genetics, radiation, or connective tissue disorders.
Coronary artery disease. It is caused by narrowing of arteries lined with plaque and cholesterol, reducing the amount of blood reaching a particular area of the heart.
Congenital heart disease. This is a birth defect and there are no known causes of this.
While some causes of heart disease are unknown, we can lessen the worry by executing preventive measures. Studies show that healthy choices have resulted in fewer deaths caused by heart disease per day. The following is a simple and very understandable list:
- Measure BMI regularly. Ask a doctor if you must.
- Trace your roots. For possible genetic heart disease.
- Manage your blood sugar.
- Eat healthy.
- Don’t stress yourself.
- Lower cholesterol intake
- Monitor blood pressure. Make sure you are in control.
Also, baseline tests and risk factor identification may prevent cardiac disease. But if you seek preventive therapy of cardiac threatening diseases, you should contact your cardiologist. In some areas like Toronto, they offer cardiology tests where participants can enroll to a 12-week cardiac prevention program. Testing and assessments are administered by a board certified cardiologist and cardiology nurse.